Heart Surgery Risk Factors

Updated on June 29, 2024

When exploring the risk factors associated with heart surgery, individuals may encounter various factors that can influence the outcome of the procedure and recovery process. Here are some key risk factors commonly associated with heart surgery:

“میں ہزار بار ایسی بہادر لڑکیوں کا ہاتھ چوموں گی، جس نے جو کرنا ہے، وہ کرلے”

یہ کہنا ہے معروف اداکارہ اور ٹی وی میزبان جگن کاظم کا جنھوں نے حال ہی میں سنو ٹی وی کے پروگرام میں شرکت کی.

ایک سوال کے جواب میں جگن کاظم نے پچھلے دنوں ہونے والی کونٹروورسی پر گفتگو کی.

جگن کاظم نے بتایا کہ اے ایس پی شہربانو کی عمر 24 یا 25 سال ہے، وہ ابھی بہت کم عمر ہیں. یہاں تک کہ وہ میری سوتیلی بیٹی سے بھی کم عمر ہیں۔ میری سوتیلی بیٹی کی عمر 26 سال ہے جب کہ اے ایس پی شہربانو نقوی کی عمر 25 سال ہے اور وہ بچوں سے پیار کرتی ہیں، اس لیے بھی میں ان کا ہاتھ چوما۔ اسچھوٹی سی بہادر پولیس افسر بچی نے بہادری کا وہ کارنامہ انجام دیا جو ان سے سائز میں تین گنا بڑے مرد بھی نہ کر سکے۔ اس لئے میں ایسے بہادری کے کام کرنے والی بچیوں کو ہزار بار بوسہ دیں گی. لوگوں کو جو کرنا ہے وہ کریں.

واضح رہے کہ رواں برس مارچ کے مہینے میں ایس پی شہربانو نے لاہور میں 26 فروری کو عربی حروف کی کیلیگرافی کے لباس پہننے پر ایک مبینہ توہین مذہب کے الزام میں ہجوم کے ہاتھوں تشدد کا شکار ہونے سے بچایا تھا. جس کے بعد ایک شو میں جگن کاظم نے اے ایس پج شہربانو کے ہاتھ چوم لیے تھے.

  1. Age: Advanced age is often considered a significant risk factor for heart surgery. Older individuals may have more complex medical conditions, reduced physiological reserves, and a higher likelihood of experiencing complications during or after surgery.
  2. Pre-existing Health Conditions: Individuals with pre-existing health conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension), obesity, chronic kidney disease, lung disease (such as COPD), or peripheral artery disease are at increased risk for complications during heart surgery. These conditions can affect the function of the heart and other organs, as well as the body’s ability to heal.
  3. Extent of Heart Disease: The severity and extent of coronary artery disease or structural heart conditions can influence the complexity of the surgery and the associated risks. Individuals with extensive blockages in their coronary arteries or severe valve dysfunction may face higher surgical risks.
  4. Previous Heart Surgeries or Interventions: Individuals who have undergone previous heart surgeries or interventions, such as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), valve replacement, or angioplasty with stent placement, may have scar tissue or other factors that increase the complexity of subsequent surgeries.
  5. Type of Surgery: The type of heart surgery being performed can impact the associated risks. Procedures such as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), valve repair or replacement, heart transplant, and aortic surgery each carry their own set of risks and potential complications.
  6. Overall Health Status: Factors such as overall physical fitness, nutritional status, immune function, and mental health can influence surgical outcomes and recovery. Individuals who are frail or have compromised immune systems may be at higher risk for complications.
  7. Smoking and Alcohol Use: Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and can adversely affect surgical outcomes. Individuals who smoke or have a history of heavy alcohol use may face higher risks during and after heart surgery.
  8. Medication Use: Certain medications, such as blood thinners, antiplatelet drugs, and medications that affect blood pressure or heart rhythm, can impact the risk of bleeding, clotting, or other complications during surgery. It’s essential for individuals to inform their healthcare providers about all medications they are taking before undergoing heart surgery.
  9. Lifestyle Factors: Poor lifestyle habits, such as a sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, and chronic stress, can contribute to the development and progression of cardiovascular disease, as well as increase the risk of complications during and after heart surgery.
  10. Psychosocial Factors: Factors such as anxiety, depression, social support, and socioeconomic status can influence surgical outcomes and recovery. Adequate social support and access to resources for post-operative care and rehabilitation are important for optimal recovery.

Overall, understanding these risk factors can help individuals and their healthcare providers assess the potential risks and benefits of heart surgery, make informed decisions about treatment options, and take steps to minimize risks and optimize outcomes. It’s essential for individuals to discuss their specific risk factors and concerns with their healthcare team before undergoing heart surgery.

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